Globally, Asia-Pacific Countries are highly vulnerable to natural disasters. According to United Nations the urban population is expected to increase from 55% today to 68% by 2050. The combination of rapid and unplanned urbanisation in developing countries is leading to disastrous damage to people and property due to natural hazards. Disasters not only cause enormous loss to human beings but also huge economic loss, which results in breakdown of life-line infrastructure like hospitals, buildings, roadways, railways, powerlines, communication towers etc.
Andhra Pradesh is exposed to cyclones, storm surges, floods and droughts. A moderate to severe intensity cyclone occurs once in every two to three years. It has been estimated that about 44 percent of AP's total territory is vulnerable to tropical storms and related hazards, while its coastal belt(North Coastal District in particular) is likely to be the most vulnerable region in India to these natural phenomena. The regular occurrence of Disasters in Coastal Andhra Pradesh in India had a series of repercussions on the state‘s economy, its development policies, political equilibrium and daily life of millions of people. Disaster mitigation measures eliminate or reduce the impact and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs.
In-order to mitigate the devastating effect of disasters, improve preparedness for disasters, impart proactive disaster management, the Department of Civil Engineering, GIT, GITAM (Deemed to be University) Visakhapatnam, has taken an initiative to organize an International Workshop on “Disaster Mitigation and Management” (IWDMM) in collaboration with University of Tokyo, Japan during 10-11 December 2018. This workshop provides a platform for academicians, researchers, professionals and policy makers to discuss and share their experiences about the efficient planning of Mitigation and Management of Disasters, to address the challenges posed for present and future.